In India, Cement Industry is one of the fundamental industries. The methodical production of cement in this country was initiated in the year 1904 in Chennai (then Madras). It is generally a weight-losing industry. Its vital raw materials are limestone, coal, and gypsum.
India is the second largest cement producer in the globe. Therefore, it can be easily understood that cement industry in India is a crucial component of its economy. It is offering employment to a large number of people, directly or indirectly.
As the largest limestone reserves are in Madhya Pradesh, therefore, the maximum growth of the particular industry has been seen in this state. In present times, sea shells, sludge (acquired from chemical fertilizers), and slag (acquired from steel and iron industry) are utilized as raw materials apart from limestone.
Plants utilizing Plants based sea shells, slag, and sludge as raw material are as follows:
Plants Based Sea Shell: Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Dwarika, and Porbandar
Plant Based on Slag: Bhadravati, Durgapur, Vishakhapatnam, Rourkela, Jhinkpani (Chaibasa, Jharkhand), Durg (Chhattisgarh), cement plants have been founded near steel and iron plants.
Plant Based on Sludge: Sludge, acquired from fertilizer plant (Sindri) is the foundation for the cement plant in Sindri.
India holds a significant potential for construction and infrastructure sector development. As per the expectation, the cement sector will be heavily benefitted from it. The expectation of these developments in this country along with the support of appropriate government foreign policies, various foreign players including Heidelberg Cement, Lafarge-Holcim, and Vicat have made investments in the country in a while ago.
A vital and considerable factor that supports the progression of this sector is ready availability of the raw materials for manufacturing cement, such as coal and limestone.
The largest demand driver of cement is the housing sector that might be almost 67 per cent of the total consumption in this country. Other vital cement consumers are infrastructure (13 per cent), commercial construction (11 per cent), and industrial construction (9 per cent).
The total production capacity of cement in India is almost 425 million tonnes (until September 2017). The expectation of progress of cement industry might be 6-7 per cent in the year of 2017 due to the focus of the government on infrastructural development. At present, the industry is manufacturing 280 MT for fulfilling its domestic requirement and 5 MT for exports demand. The per capita consumption of the country stands at approximately 225 kg.
Top five major cement-producing states of India are Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. The cement producing plants of these five States are:
Madhya Pradesh: Satna, Maihar, Katni, Ratlam, Jabalpur, Banmor, Neemach, and Akaltara
Chhattisgarh: Jamul, Mandhar, Durg
Andhra Pradesh: Vijayawada, Krishna, Adilabad, Vishakhapatnam, Guntur, Kurnool
Rajasthan: Sawai Madhopur, Churu, Chittorgarh, Lakheri, Udaipur
Gujarat: Porbandar, Dwarika, Jamnagar
The eastern states of India might be the virgin and newer markets for cement establishments.
With the support from the government regarding lower taxation, friendlier laws, and enhanced infrastructure expending, the sector will develop and take the economy of India ahead along with it.